Search - Uterus Removal Surgery

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Description

Uterus Removal Surgery is called Hysterectomy and it is a common gynaecological procedure. The procedure may be complete removal of the uterus body and cervix or partial removal of the uterus body, leaving the cervix intact. There are 2 techniques for performing the surgery Abdominal HysterectomyVaginal Hysterectomy Abdominal Hysterectomy Vaginal Hysterectomy

Symptoms

Large, symptomatic fibroids in the walls of the uterus (noncancerous tumours) are the most common conditions that necessitate hysterectomy.Endometriosis, gynaecological cancer, persistent or heavy vaginal bleeding, chronic pelvic pain or uterine prolapses are other reasons for a hysterectomy.The procedure may also lead to removal of one or both of the ovaries and fallopian tubes, depending on the patientís condition. Large, symptomatic fibroids in the walls of the uterus (noncancerous tumours) are the most common conditions that necessitate hysterectomy. Endometriosis, gynaecological cancer, persistent or heavy vaginal bleeding, chronic pelvic pain or uterine prolapses are other reasons for a hysterectomy. The procedure may also lead to removal of one or both of the ovaries and fallopian tubes, depending on the patientís condition.

Pre Procedure

Before scheduling a hysterectomy procedure, the surgeon will refer the patient to a general practitioner to ascertain current medical status, and identify any condition that may interfere with the surgical procedure and recovery thereafter.A detailed physical examination that includes medical history will ensure the patientís readiness towards the surgery. In some cases, the surgeon recommends tests like pap smear, endometrial biopsy or ultrasound of pelvic region for checking cancer. Before scheduling a hysterectomy procedure, the surgeon will refer the patient to a general practitioner to ascertain current medical status, and identify any condition that may interfere with the surgical procedure and recovery thereafter. A detailed physical examination that includes medical history will ensure the patientís readiness towards the surgery. In some cases, the surgeon recommends tests like pap smear, endometrial biopsy or ultrasound of pelvic region for checking cancer.

During Procedure

Uterus Removal Surgery may be performed as an open surgery (commonly done in case or abdominal hysterectomy) or through a minimally invasive surgery such as the laparoscopic or robotic surgery. Abdominal Hysterectomy Abdominal Hysterectomy Generally the procedure is of 1 to 2 hours and is performed under general anestheisa. During the procedure, the surgeon generally follows these steps Urinary bladder will be emptied by passing a catheter through the urethra. Then abdomen and vagina will be cleaned using a sterile solution.For open hysterectomy, the surgeon will either make a verticle incision from below navel to pubic bone or make a horizontal incision above pubic bone. The type of incision will depend on the uterus size and main reason for the procedure. Uterus will be removed and incision will be sutured.A laparoscopic hysterectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that removes the uterus through a small incision in the abdomen. A tiny camera is inserted through it and the entire surgery is performed by watching images captured by the camera on to a screen. Two or three separate incisions in the lower abdomen allow specialized instruments to be inserted the pelvic region to facilitate the removal of uterus.Removal of ovaries during hysterectomy might be recommended if the patientís family has a history of ovarian cancer or the doctor identifies abnormal growth in the ovaries. Urinary bladder will be emptied by passing a catheter through the urethra. Then abdomen and vagina will be cleaned using a sterile solution. For open hysterectomy, the surgeon will either make a verticle incision from below navel to pubic bone or make a horizontal incision above pubic bone. The type of incision will depend on the uterus size and main reason for the procedure. Uterus will be removed and incision will be sutured. A laparoscopic hysterectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that removes the uterus through a small incision in the abdomen. A tiny camera is inserted through it and the entire surgery is performed by watching images captured by the camera on to a screen. Two or three separate incisions in the lower abdomen allow specialized instruments to be inserted the pelvic region to facilitate the removal of uterus. Removal of ovaries during hysterectomy might be recommended if the patientís family has a history of ovarian cancer or the doctor identifies abnormal growth in the ovaries. Vaginal Hysterectomy Vaginal Hysterectomy This surgery may be performed under general or local anesthesia. During the procedure, the surgeon generally follows these steps Urinary bladder will be emptied by passing a catheter through the urethra. Then abdomen and vagina will be cleaned using a sterile solution.For open procedure, a cut is made inside vagina. Uterus will be seperated from connecting tissues, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Uterus will be removed through the incision. Absorbable stitches will be used to suture the incision. For laparoscopic surgery, the process is similar to that of laparoscopic abdominal hysterectomy. However, the uterus will be removed through the vagina. Urinary bladder will be emptied by passing a catheter through the urethra. Then abdomen and vagina will be cleaned using a sterile solution. For open procedure, a cut is made inside vagina. Uterus will be seperated from connecting tissues, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Uterus will be removed through the incision. Absorbable stitches will be used to suture the incision. For laparoscopic surgery, the process is similar to that of laparoscopic abdominal hysterectomy. However, the uterus will be removed through the vagina.

Post Procedure

If open hysterectomy is performed, the patient has to stay in hospital for 1 to 2 days. While in case of laparoscopic procedure, the patient may be allowed to go home on the same day. The patient has vaginal bleeding for a few days after the surgery. Generally, it is not as heave as in menstual period. For most women it take 4 to 6 weeks to get back to normal routine. Patients will have two to four scars in different parts of the abdomen from the incisions during surgery. Some stitches and glue will dissolve by themselves, while other stitches, staples and clips will require removal at the hospital about a week after the operation. There will certain permanent changes in life, as mentioned below The patient will not have any menstrual periodsThe patient cannot get pregnantIf the ovaries are removed, then the patient reaches menopause earlier than expected.In case the cervix was not removed during the laparoscopic surgery, the patient will be required to routinely undergo screening (smears), while removal of ovaries might necessitate hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Discussions with the gynaecologist can chart the best way forward. The patient will not have any menstrual periods The patient cannot get pregnant If the ovaries are removed, then the patient reaches menopause earlier than expected. In case the cervix was not removed during the laparoscopic surgery, the patient will be required to routinely undergo screening (smears), while removal of ovaries might necessitate hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Discussions with the gynaecologist can chart the best way forward.

Risk And Complications

Although hysterectomy is a safe procedure, known risk and complication include Bleeding Clotting of blood in legsInfectionAdverse effects on surrounding organs Bleeding Clotting of blood in legs Infection Adverse effects on surrounding organs
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