Search - Hernia Surgery

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Description

When any part of an organ bursts through an opening or a tissue that was meant to keep it in place, the condition is called hernia. Hernia is commonly seen in geriatric mass but can occur at any age. Abdomen wall is the most prone region for hernia. When the abdominal wall wears down or tears, hernia develops. Hernia can also develop in groin area, umbilical area and femoral area. The main causes of hernia are Muscle weakness and physical strain.Congenital defect.Characteristic chronic chough.Adverse effect of pregnancy.Any damage to the abdomen caused by an injury.Severe constipation that causes excessive strain on the abdomenLifting heavy weights constantly on a regular basisSudden weight gain. Medical and surgical history of the affected person should be reviewed Muscle weakness and physical strain. Congenital defect. Characteristic chronic chough. Adverse effect of pregnancy. Any damage to the abdomen caused by an injury. Severe constipation that causes excessive strain on the abdomen Lifting heavy weights constantly on a regular basis Sudden weight gain. Medical and surgical history of the affected person should be reviewed Depending on where the hernia has developed, it can be categorized into Inguinal Hernia: Occurs when the intestines protrude through a weak spot in the lower abdominal wall. It is the most common type of hernia. Inguinal Hernia: Umbilical Hernia: Occurs in infants if their intestines protrude through the abdominal wall close to the umbilicus. This type of hernia may be caused due to a birth defect in diaphragm, obesity or pregnancy. Umbilical Hernia: Incisional Hernia: Occurs post abdominal surgery, when the hernia protrudes from the sutured incision. This type of hernia may occur months or years after surgery. Incisional Hernia: Hiatal Hernia: Occurs when the diaphragm is protruded through by a part of the stomach into the chest. It is mostly observed among people who have an age of 50 years or less. Hiatal Hernia: Femoral Hernia: Occurs mostly in women due to weakness in femoral canal near the groin. Femoral Hernia:

Symptoms

Indications of Hernia include Bulge near the abdominal area is the most common sign of hernia.Discomfort and pain while performing physical activites, coughing or sneezingPain while urination or bowel movementsPressure in groin areaStanding for long time causes pain in abdomen or groin area Bulge near the abdominal area is the most common sign of hernia. Discomfort and pain while performing physical activites, coughing or sneezing Pain while urination or bowel movements Pressure in groin area Standing for long time causes pain in abdomen or groin area When the bulge in the abdomen is pressed and it flattens, it means the tissues are not trapped in the hernia. The patient needs prompt attention and medication. However, when the bulge does not flatten, it means the affected tissues get trapped in the hernial sack. The patient is a candidate for the hernia repair surgery.

Pre Procedure

A week before the surgery the following steps should be taken: Aspirin intake should be stoppedSmoking should be avoidedPhysical activity or strain should be avoided Aspirin intake should be stopped Smoking should be avoided Physical activity or strain should be avoided ?A day before the surgery, laxative might be taken to cleanse your intestine.

During Procedure

Based on the position and the complexity of the hernia the method of surgery is decided.Open surgery Open surgery An incision is made in the abdomen at the position of the herniaThe Intestine are brought back to their original place.A mesh can be placed to confine the herniated part to its original place. An incision is made in the abdomen at the position of the hernia The Intestine are brought back to their original place. A mesh can be placed to confine the herniated part to its original place. Laparoscopic surgery Laparoscopic surgery Numerous small incisions are made in the abdominal wall adjacent to the herniaMiniature surgical instruments and cameras are inserted and patch work is done through the cuts after filling the abdomen with carbon dioxideAfter the surgery the gas is released and the slits are closed. Numerous small incisions are made in the abdominal wall adjacent to the hernia Miniature surgical instruments and cameras are inserted and patch work is done through the cuts after filling the abdomen with carbon dioxide After the surgery the gas is released and the slits are closed.

Post Procedure

Depending on the type of surgery (open or laparoscopic) and medical condition, the patient is allowed to go home in 1 to 2 days. The doctor will recommend Using an ice pack frequently on the surgical incisionFrequent short walks to advance circulation of blood and to prevent the possibility of blood clotsAvoiding physical activity for at least a weekKeeping a healthy diet and a high intake of water. Using an ice pack frequently on the surgical incision Frequent short walks to advance circulation of blood and to prevent the possibility of blood clots Avoiding physical activity for at least a week Keeping a healthy diet and a high intake of water. The patient may have to visit the doctor again for a follow-up consultation. Light physical activity can be resumed after 2 to 3 weeks from surgery.

Risk And Complications

Although rare, there may be some risks involved with hernia repair surgery. Commonly known are High fever around 101 deg FNauseaProblems with urinationIncisions may become excessively redUncontrollable painBleedingSwelling beyond normal levels High fever around 101 deg F Nausea Problems with urination Incisions may become excessively red Uncontrollable pain Bleeding Swelling beyond normal levels
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