Search - Esophageal Manometry

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Description

Esophageal Manometry is a procedure that mesures the functioning of the esophagus by evaluating movement of food from esophagus to the stomach. The procedure is used to measure the contractions of the muscles (sphincters) in the esophagus that occurs after swallowing the food. It also evaluates how well the muscles open and close, as well as pressure and pattern of contractions.

Symptoms

The doctor will recommend this procedure, for diagnosing oesophageal disorders. Symptoms that reflect the disorder are: Dysphagia: When there is difficulty in swallowing attributed to poor coordination of esophageal musclesAchalasia: When muscles of esophagus are weak and do not allow food movement to the stomach causing backward movement of foodWhen there are problems like heartburn, acid reflux or chest pain Dysphagia: When there is difficulty in swallowing attributed to poor coordination of esophageal muscles Dysphagia: Achalasia: When muscles of esophagus are weak and do not allow food movement to the stomach causing backward movement of food Achalasia: When there are problems like heartburn, acid reflux or chest pain Esophageal Manometry is also recommended before the surgery to treat Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).

Pre Procedure

The doctor will recommend you to Fast for 6 to 8 hours prior to the procedureStop certain medications that can cause complications Fast for 6 to 8 hours prior to the procedure Stop certain medications that can cause complications

During Procedure

The procedure is generally done by an experienced gastroenterologist. There is no need of anaesthesia or sedation. During the procedure, First of all, the doctor will give a solution to gargle or a gel/spray is applied to the throat. The purpose is to numb the throat and nose.A thin and flexible tube containing sensors is passed through the nose, into the oesophagus and down to the stomach.Small sips of water will be given. Pattern of contractions of esophageal muscles, their strength and the pressure exerted by these muscles will be recorded.This entire process is continued for about 20 to 30 minutes, and then the tube is slowly removed. First of all, the doctor will give a solution to gargle or a gel/spray is applied to the throat. The purpose is to numb the throat and nose. A thin and flexible tube containing sensors is passed through the nose, into the oesophagus and down to the stomach. Small sips of water will be given. Pattern of contractions of esophageal muscles, their strength and the pressure exerted by these muscles will be recorded. This entire process is continued for about 20 to 30 minutes, and then the tube is slowly removed.

Post Procedure

Generally, the patients are able to resume their normal activities in a few hours after the procedure. The patient may have sore throat and congested nose for 1 to 2 days post the procedure.

Risk And Complications

This a very safe procedure. But as with other medical procedures, it also has certain risks. Choking when the tube is passed through throatWatering of eyesSore throatCongested noseNose bleeding Puncture in the esophagus, in extremely rare casesIrregular heartbeat Choking when the tube is passed through throat Watering of eyes Sore throat Congested nose Nose bleeding Puncture in the esophagus, in extremely rare cases Irregular heartbeat

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