Search - Cardiac Catheterization

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Description

It is a medical procedure used to diagnose and treat the conditions of heart. For cardiac catheterization, a thin long flexible tube called catheter is inserted from the arm or groin (upper thigh) into the left or right side of the heart. It is through the catheter that the doctor takes diagnostic tests of your heart.

Symptoms

The doctor may perform cardiac catheterization to assess the following conditions of your heart: Coronary artery diseaseCardiac amyloidosis (disorder in the heart tissue)Cardiomyopathy or reasons of the congestive heart failureIssues with the heart valvesPulmonary hypertension or high blood pressure in the lung arteriesCongenital heart defects Coronary artery disease Cardiac amyloidosis (disorder in the heart tissue) Cardiomyopathy or reasons of the congestive heart failure Issues with the heart valves Pulmonary hypertension or high blood pressure in the lung arteries Congenital heart defects Cardiac catheterization is also done as a part of other major procedures like Angioplasty, Heart Valve Repair or Replacement, Balloon Valvuloplasty and Cardiac Ablation.

Pre Procedure

Eating or drinking 6-8 hours prior the test is strictly prohibited as it may increase complications arising from anesthesia Inform your doctor in case you are allergic to any specific medication or take any drug for erectile dysfunctionNotify your doctor in case you’ve had a severe reaction caused from iodine or contrast dye previouslyNotify your doctor if there is a doubt of pregnancy Eating or drinking 6-8 hours prior the test is strictly prohibited as it may increase complications arising from anesthesia Inform your doctor in case you are allergic to any specific medication or take any drug for erectile dysfunction Notify your doctor in case you’ve had a severe reaction caused from iodine or contrast dye previously Notify your doctor if there is a doubt of pregnancy

During Procedure

The doctor performs the test in a special operating room equipped with imaging machines and special X-ray. The intravenous (IV) line is inserted into the vein through the passage of neck, arm or groin. Following that, a sheath (thin plastic tube) is inserted in your leg to access artery or vein. Then, longer tubes of plastic called catheters are moved up into the heart with the help of live X-rays so the doctor can: Examine the condition of your heart and level of oxygen across different parts of the bodyTreat your heart muscle with biopsyInject a dye to visualize the vessels and structures within your heartIn case of blockage, place stent during the testThe test usually takes 30-60 minutes and you may be asked to lie flat on your back after the test to prevent bleeding. Examine the condition of your heart and level of oxygen across different parts of the body Treat your heart muscle with biopsy Inject a dye to visualize the vessels and structures within your heart In case of blockage, place stent during the test The test usually takes 30-60 minutes and you may be asked to lie flat on your back after the test to prevent bleeding.

Post Procedure

After cardiac catheterization, you are required to rest for 1 to 3 hours in the hospital till the anaesthesia effect goes away.As catheter is inserted into your body, this will restrict your movement. After the catheter is removed, you will be asked to rest in the hospital and apply pressure at the site till bleeding stops.Depending on your medical condition, you may be allowed to go home the same day (if no other procedure is advised after cardiac catheterization).Even while you show signs of improvement, you may be asked to visit the doctor again to ensure the blood pressure and heart rate are normal and also to ensure that there are no signs of infection, swelling, redness or unusual pain.Besides, you may also have to avoid heavy lifting for a short period of time after the procedure is done. After cardiac catheterization, you are required to rest for 1 to 3 hours in the hospital till the anaesthesia effect goes away. As catheter is inserted into your body, this will restrict your movement. After the catheter is removed, you will be asked to rest in the hospital and apply pressure at the site till bleeding stops. Depending on your medical condition, you may be allowed to go home the same day (if no other procedure is advised after cardiac catheterization). Even while you show signs of improvement, you may be asked to visit the doctor again to ensure the blood pressure and heart rate are normal and also to ensure that there are no signs of infection, swelling, redness or unusual pain. Besides, you may also have to avoid heavy lifting for a short period of time after the procedure is done.

Risk And Complications

Cardiac catheterization is entirely a safe procedure when performed by a team of expert doctors. Although rare, there are certain risk involved. Following are the risks involved with cardiac catheterization: Heart attackCardiac tamponadeIrregular heartbeatDamage to a coronary artery StrokeLow blood pressureReaction to the contrast dyeBlood ClotInjury to blood vessels Heart attack Cardiac tamponade Irregular heartbeat Damage to a coronary artery Stroke Low blood pressure Reaction to the contrast dye Blood Clot Injury to blood vessels
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