Search - Angioplasty with Stent Placement

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Description

Coronary arteries are responsible for bringing fresh oxygenated blood to the heart. Any malfunction in the coronary arteries, will interfere with the normal healthy functioning of the heart. When plaque builds up inside the walls of these arteries, they narrow down, thereby restricting the flow of blood to the heart . This is known as atherosclerosis. In case this situation occurs in the coronary arteries, it leads to a severe health heart problems.

Symptoms

Incase of an emergency procedure, there is very little time to prepare for the surgery. But in case of a planned procedure, there are several things that needs to be taken care of. Some of them are mentioned below: The patient should share the details of present or any drug (medications) intake to the doctor Quit smoking, at least 5 days prior to the operation The details about any existing illness must be shared with the doctor All blood thinning medicines should be stopped. (Do check with your doctor once before stopping) The medications prescribed by the doctor, prior to the procedure must be taken regularly. The patient should share the details of present or any drug (medications) intake to the doctor Quit smoking, at least 5 days prior to the operation The details about any existing illness must be shared with the doctor All blood thinning medicines should be stopped. (Do check with your doctor once before stopping) The medications prescribed by the doctor, prior to the procedure must be taken regularly.

Pre Procedure

The procedure involves the following steps of action - Step 1: A numbing medicine (Anesthetic agent) is given at the incision site and also intravenously. Step 2: A small incision is made in the groin of the patient, to access the artery. Step 3: A catheter (a thin flexible tube) is inserted through the incision. Step 4: The catheter is moved up the coronary artery and the artery is viewed through a special X-ray, fluoroscopy. Sometimes, a special dye is used for guidance. Step 5: A wire is passed through the catheter, to which a small balloon is attached. Step 6: The balloon on reaching the blocked artery is inflated. Step 7: A stent is inserted along with the balloon in order to keep the artery open and resume blood flow. Some stents are drug coated. These release medicines into the artery to prevent further blockage. While other stents are made of fabric and are designed for larger arteries. The procedure involves the following steps of action - Step 1: A numbing medicine (Anesthetic agent) is given at the incision site and also intravenously. Step 2: A small incision is made in the groin of the patient, to access the artery. Step 3: A catheter (a thin flexible tube) is inserted through the incision. Step 4: The catheter is moved up the coronary artery and the artery is viewed through a special X-ray, fluoroscopy. Sometimes, a special dye is used for guidance. Step 5: A wire is passed through the catheter, to which a small balloon is attached. Step 6: The balloon on reaching the blocked artery is inflated. Step 7: A stent is inserted along with the balloon in order to keep the artery open and resume blood flow. Some stents are drug coated. These release medicines into the artery to prevent further blockage. While other stents are made of fabric and are designed for larger arteries.

During Procedure

The following things are to be kept in mind after the procedure: Right after the procedure, the patient is kept in the hospital overnight to make sure there are no complications like pain, bleeding, blood clots or problem with blood flow etc. After the procedure the patient may feel sore at the sight of the incision. Over the counter painkillers can help deal with the pain. Pain Killers are usually advised by the doctors. Prescribed anticoagulants must be taken on time. These help the body adjust to the new stent. Right after the procedure, the patient is kept in the hospital overnight to make sure there are no complications like pain, bleeding, blood clots or problem with blood flow etc. Right after the procedure, the patient is kept in the hospital overnight to make sure there are no complications like pain, bleeding, blood clots or problem with blood flow etc. After the procedure the patient may feel sore at the sight of the incision. Over the counter painkillers can help deal with the pain. Pain Killers are usually advised by the doctors. After the procedure the patient may feel sore at the sight of the incision. Over the counter painkillers can help deal with the pain. Pain Killers are usually advised by the doctors. Prescribed anticoagulants must be taken on time. These help the body adjust to the new stent. Prescribed anticoagulants must be taken on time. These help the body adjust to the new stent. After discharge, the patients are advised to avoid physical activities for a few days and drink lots of fluid. The patient should watch out for any discomfort or excessive pain or bleeding at the incision site. Read about Dietary modifications after angioplasty. Dietary modifications after angioplasty

Post Procedure

Angioplasty has become a rather common procedure these days and with time a lot of modifications have been done in it making it safer than before. However, there are few risks that are needed to be watched for. Some of them are mentioned below: Narrowing of arteries again over time Blockage of stented artery Allergic reaction to medication or dye Rare side effects include stroke and seizure Narrowing of arteries again over time Narrowing of arteries again over time Blockage of stented artery Blockage of stented artery Allergic reaction to medication or dye Allergic reaction to medication or dye Rare side effects include stroke and seizure Rare side effects include stroke and seizure

Risk And Complications


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